ICWA Resources

Guidelines for Implementing ICWA

These guidelines are intended to assist those involved in child custody proceedings in understanding and uniformly applying the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) and U.S. Department of the Interior (Department) regulations (also referred to as a “rule”).

Federal Register, ICWA Regulations (2017)

This final rule adds a new subpart to the Department of the Interior’s (Department) regulations implementing the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), to improve ICWA  implementation.

Bureau of Indian Affairs Quick Reference: Active Efforts

This useful informational sheet is provided by the bureau of Indian Affairs regarding active efforts. Active efforts are affirmative, active, thorough, and timely efforts intended primarily to maintain or reunite an Indian child with his or her family.

ICWA Best Practice

This resource includes some best practices to remember to support ICWA compliance when working with an Indian child.

ICWA at a Glance

This resource provides a brief overview of the five provisions of ICWA that fulfill the intended purpose of the law: inquiry and notice, active efforts, proper placement, concurrent planning and qualified expert witness.

National Resource Center for Tribes Background and Need for ICWA

This webpage includes resource links in connection to the need for the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) and background information. It was complied by the National Child Welfare Resource Center for Tribes, a service of the Children’s Bureau and a member of the T/TA Network.

National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges

The NCJFCJ is engaging tribal courts and judges in cultural humility with an understanding that best practices in tribal courts may be different than state courts and diverse perspectives strengthen solutions.

Judicial Branch of California ICWA Resources

The Tribal/State Programs Unit of the Center for Families Children and the Courts has developed the resources on this webpage to assist those involved in these kinds of proceedings understand their legal obligations under ICWA and comply with those requirements.

FACES – Implementing the Indian Child Welfare Act

Follow the Spirit of ICWA: The American Indian Enhancement Project is an effort of the California Disproportionality Project, a Breakthrough Series Collaborative (BSC) resourced through the Annie E. Casey Foundation, the California Department of Social Services, Casey Family Programs, and the Stuart Foundation. In collaboration with Administrative Office of the Courts, California Social Work Education Center, Child and Family Policy Institute of California, California Child Welfare Co-Investment Partnership, the National Resource Center for Tribes, Tribal STAR, and Shenandoah Films.

Reasons Why People Do Not Claim To Be American Indian

There are many reasons why individuals do not claim their American Indian heritage. This has implications for ICWA compliance especially in the area of inquiry and noticing. This tip sheet offers social workers practice tips for inquiry and noticing those who do not claim to be American Indian.

National Indian Child Welfare Association ICWA Information

This webpage provides information on the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) of 1978 including resources for families, ICWA technical assistance and training, NICWA and ICWA compliance, ICWA Reports and Documents and Tools for ICWA Compliance.

Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978

This document outlines the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) law as stated in the original 1978 document. The intent of ICWA is to prevent the unwarranted breakup of American Indian families, recognize tribal jurisdiction to make custody decisions involving the removal of Indian children from their homes, and establish minimum federal standards that county and/or state courts must follow when Indian children are removed from their homes and placed in foster care or adoptive homes.

Bureau of Indian Affairs ICWA Designated Agents 2017

The regulations implementing the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) provide that Indian tribes may designate an agent other than the tribal chairman for service of notice of proceedings under ICWA. This notice includes the current list of designated tribal agents for service of notice.

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